Culture approves preservation project for Dionysian ephebe found in Pedro Abad

The Provincial Heritage Commission of the Andalusian government in Cordoba has favorably informed about the project conservation of the dionysiac ephebe find in Peter Abbe and recovered as part of an operation against the trafficking of works of art in the El Palancar estate, together with another piece of similar characteristics called Apollonian Ephebewhose conservation project was already given the green light in February last year.

The approved project now envisages the in-depth study of bronze sculpture through a global approach focused on research from the historical-archaeological point of view with the aim of advancing the knowledge of this type of piece in terms of function, origin, techniques and manufacturing workshop. Likewise, knowledge of its material aspects is envisaged through the technical-scientific studies that will be carried out throughout the intervention process.

The proposed actions aim to guarantee the stabilization of the sculpture by appropriate restoration treatments and the incorporation of an internal structure designed ex-teacher which will make it possible to recover its formal integrity, thus making possible its subsequent exhibition at the Archaeological Museum of Cordoba.

Likewise, the conservation project envisages a process of cleaning, stabilization and corrosion inhibition; application of protective layers; design and production of a support; anchoring to a specially designed bottom, low-level volumetric reintegration and chromatic approximation in gaps, fissures and cracks with reversible materials; as well as the drafting of a final intervention report and a maintenance program. The intervention has a total budget of €25,652.

The two ephebes, the day of their presentation, in March 2012. AJ GONZALEZ


The Dionysian ephebe is a roman freestanding sculpture cast in bronze, like the Apollonian ephebe, and both are BICs declared. The sculpture represents a preteen male figuretotally naked in counter posta particular posture of the human figure in which the parts are placed to give a sensation of a certain movement avoiding frontality and hieraticism, with a cannon of approximate proportion of seven heads, similar to the Doryphoros of Polycletus.

When he was found he had different fractures, with the head, right leg, and left foot separated, and was incomplete, missing the eyes, forearms, and part of the left torso and thigh. It preserves, embedded in each foot, the lead used as an element of static fixing to the plinth or the base and the remains of a possible iron dowel in the lead of the right support foot.

The two ephebes are pieces attributable to the high imperial period, 1st-2nd century AD. VS, copies of Greek originals from the end of the 5th century BC. AD, based on winning athletes designed by Polykleitos. The analysis of the two sculptures throws high technical quality and originality and makes it possible to deduce the high cultural level of its original owner. Its function was ornamental and its use was probably that of a mute servant, although the type of object it carried such as a tray, a lamp or a garland of flowers cannot be specified.

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