The engine has many moving components that cause parts to wear. The role of the lubricant is to protect these parts from deterioration, reduce temperature and prevent overheating and damage. That’s why it’s important to follow dealer-recommended drain intervals, which usually suggest an oil change after 8,000 km; For their part, the developers are using new components with increased resistance, thus reducing the consumption of raw materials and the generation of hazardous waste.
There are several types of automotive oils that differ in their technical compositions, Exxon Mobil highlights the following categories:
• Monogrades: products that have only one degree of viscosity.
• Multigrades: with extreme viscosity to guarantee good performance at different temperatures, semi-synthetic and full synthetic are in this category. They offer improved characteristics, such as high stability to temperature changes, energy savings, adequate detergent effect (ability to keep the lubrication system clean) and long useful life periods.
“To keep the units in good condition, the assistance of the owner is necessary, lubricant and filter changes can be made, but the vehicles require adjustments and checks that only certified technicians can carry out”, explains Eduardo Pazmiño Z ., Mavesa specialist. Group product support.
Viscosity level and brand quality
It must be considered that the oils used in the transmissions of heavy vehicles are generally denser and more viscous compared to the light ones. There are international organizations that regulate the lubricant industry, these regulations must be printed on the labels, being the most relevant, but not the only ones.
• SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers)
Regulates lubricants by means of a number that indicates the degree of viscosity, according to table J300, the higher the number, the more viscous it is.
• API (American Petroleum Institute)
Regulates lubricants with a letter that indicates the application and quality level. For example, the S identifies the application in gasoline engines.
“Modern engines require high-quality lubricants to operate, so there is less wear, savings and better control,” says Noemí Rehpani, Product-Lubricant Manager at Conauto.
What role does the oil filter play?
Oils carry dirt from the rooms they pass through, thanks to the detergent they contain. The filter captures all these impurities so that the oil does not circulate dirty, producing scratches and additional wear; Experts recommend changing it every 5,000 kilometers.
Additives, an important complement
Luis Gusqui, Marketing Director of EcuaEnersa, clarifies that when the oil leaves its container and combines with oxygen, it begins to lose its properties; The additive works by creating a film that soaks into all the metal of the engine, preventing friction and wear. “EcuaEnersa has introduced exclusively to the Ecuadorian market the graphene lubricant additive produced with state-of-the-art technology; Graphene is a material based on carbon molecules obtained from graphite, one of the most abundant elements in nature. Its main advantages are its great strength and durability, combined with incredible flexibility. It’s a very light material and it’s also a great conductor,” he said.
In the Ecuadorian market there is a wide variety of lubricating oils to protect your vehicle, here are some of them with the greatest technological advance.
Semi-synthetic and fully synthetic Havoline with its advanced formula, API SP, protects the engine for more than 8,500 km. Its technology platform aims to provide the best protection based on the use of the highest quality raw materials, formulated with high quality base oils and additives.
state-of-the-art technology, which provides gasoline engines with the characteristics necessary to keep them in the best possible condition.
REPSOL WITH EUROPEAN TECHNOLOGY
Elite NEO Evolution, are semi-synthetic and fully synthetic products that meet the requirements of the most modern and high-performance gasoline engines. Diesel Turbo THPD 15W40 products are designed for diesel engines and developed with European technology for the most demanding jobs.
It is a 100% synthetic oil of the highest quality for use in engines complying with EURO IV gas emission regulations in petrol and light diesel vehicles. Due to its low sulfated ash, sulfur and phosphorus (Mid SAPS) content, it reduces the emission of pollutants into the atmosphere and extends the life of gas post-treatment systems. It is particularly recommended in engines equipped with these after-treatment systems such as the DPF. Its formulation with synthetic bases and advanced additives allows its use in engines where low friction and low viscosity are required. Reduces fuel consumption and allows the maximum drain intervals set by the manufacturers to be reached, as well as excellent protection against wear, even under very severe operating conditions. Specially formulated to meet the latest manufacturer specifications from Mercedes, BMW and Volkswagen.
URSA PREMIUM TDX 151- 48, FOR HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLES
Its new semi-synthetic product APIK-4 offers better engine protection. Ursa is a high performance diesel engine lubricant manufactured with ISO SYN technology. Ursa Premium TDX is one of the favorites in Ecuador for its quality.
Motorex GEO 20W50 and 10W30 semi-synthetic are gasoline engine lubricants with high quality standards and advanced technology to provide engines with extreme protection and long life. Motorex 4T semi-synthetic is an oil formulated for motorcycle engines, much more demanding than a car.
8K GOLD. SAE 20W-50 API SP, has the most advanced +SYN technology to meet the latest and toughest requirements of modern 4-stroke gasoline engine manufacturers. Golden Bear has paid particular attention to the prevention of LSPI (Low RPM Pre-Combustion), a phenomenon that can cause catastrophic failures over short periods of time in TGDI (Turbocharged Direct Injection) engines, in addition to improvements made to meet the These requirements prove to be very beneficial in traditional engines that operate under severe conditions.
CHEVRON DELO AND SUPREME
Chevron lubricants are imported from the USA and made with semi-synthetic bases. Chevron Delo are intended for very high performance diesel engines. Chevron Supreme, are for gasoline engines that provide high protection to the vehicle engine with superior technology.
Mobil is constantly developing new compounds that ensure better performance: for example, the Mobil 1 range of gasoline engine lubricants, made from a proprietary blend of high performance synthetic base oils, fortified with a carefully balanced additives. Provides exceptional cleanliness, wear protection and overall performance, keeping your engine looking like new. Recommended for the latest petrol and diesel engine technologies (without diesel particulate filters or DPFs) of European and American vehicles.