sleep badly or suffer insomnia over a period of time, it is a pathology that, in the long term, can increase the risk of suffering from other health-related conditions or diseases.
In this way, not reaching the optimal seven or eight hours of rest per day can affect us in the future.
A recent study found that people who suffer from insomnia, or who have difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep through the night, have higher blood sugar levels than those who have no or very few sleep problems.
So that means people with insomnia might have more risk of type 2 diabetes in the future.
Thus, the present study published in the journal Diabetic treatments recommended to perform drug treatments or lifestyle changes in people with insomnia to prevent or treat type 2 diabetes.
Why does insomnia increase the risk of type 2 diabetes?
Previous research had already concluded that not getting enough sleep and going to bed later were linked to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
However, on this occasion, experts from the universities of Bristol, Manchester, Exeter and Harvard explained the causal effects sleep traits on blood sugar levels.
To conduct the study, the researchers used a technique called Mendelian randomization and looked at how five measures of sleep — insomnia, sleep duration, daytime sleepiness, napping, and preference for morning or evening — related to average blood sugar levels.
An analysis of data from over 336,999 adults living in the UK found that people who said they often had difficulty falling or staying asleep had higher blood sugar levels than people who said they never, rarely or only sometimes had these difficulties.
Treating insomnia can prevent diabetes risk
The results of the current study could improve researchers’ understanding of how sleep disturbances influence the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Therefore, researchers suggest that making pharmacological interventions or lifestyle changes ending insomnia or sleep problems can prevent or treat diabetes in the future.
According to James Liu, associate researcher at Bristol Medical School (PHS) and the Integrative Epidemiology Unit (IEU) of the MRC and corresponding author of the article, it is believed that “effective treatment of insomnia could lead to greater reduction in blood sugar. than an equivalent intervention, which reduces body weight by 14 kg in an average-sized person”.
Thus, the results indicate that approximately 27,300 adults between the ages of 40 and 70 with frequent symptoms of insomnia would not suffer from diabetes in the future if treat your insomnia in the present.
Also, experts point out that sleeping well and getting away from insomnia is favorable for preventing all kinds of diseases, including type 2 diabetes.
This information does not in any way replace the diagnosis or the prescription of a doctor. It is important to go to a specialist when symptoms appear in case of illness and never to self-medicate.