April 7 marks World Health Day, a celebration that not only commemorates the founding of the World Health Organization (WHO), but also invites the disclosure of the necessary information so that everyone can lead a healthier life.
Health, with all its ramifications, has been a much higher priority subject over the years, where national and international institutions have continued to provide relevant data on human well-being, as well as good practices that must be carried out on a recurring basis to ensure adequate development and full.
Diet, physical activity, harmful substances, mental health, physical inactivity and excess are just a few examples of sub-themes that encompass everything related to health, as well as diseases that have affected the world over the years or scientific discoveries that can benefit or jeopardize the well-being of the world.
The most important international institution dedicated to the dissemination of truthful information about people’s health, and the one whose foundation is celebrated every April 7, is the World Health Organization, which 74 years ago, he devoted himself to putting various themes on the main plan that allow a conversation about health.
Founded in 1948 when graduates of the United Nations tackled a common theme: to create an institution dedicated exclusively to promote data that will help the population, promote awareness campaigns and report diseasesold and new that have emerged over the years.
This organization came into force in 1950 and since then it has been present, together with several international institutions, to be a source of knowledge for all seek to improve their quality of life.
Its repercussions have led to the advancement of diseases and medical advances for the well-being of the world’s population. For example, in 1950, the WHO began advising countries on the responsible use of antibioticswhich were beginning to be manufactured to treat various bacterial infections.
They were also made prevention campaigns and drug development funding for diseases such as smallpox, tuberculosis, malaria, the AIDS virus, diabetes, cancer and various cardiovascular diseases.
Over the years, several health topics have started to gain more prominence and prominence from health centers, such as mental health where depression and anxiety affect lifestyle people much more than physical ailments.
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What to do to have a healthier life?
Currently, there is an immense amount of information about basic care that people can have to have a healthier lifestyle. However, one of the most difficult points is to begin to include these habits in our lives.
Lorena González Molina, physician and surgeon, provided a series of general recommendations on how to start with a healthy lifestyle. She comments that the most important thing, before starting any activity or recommendation, is to realize that health is not the absence of pathologies, but rather constant care actions that are carried out on a daily basis to improve general well-being.
“The main piece of advice is to start realizing the importance of being healthy, and begin to give importance to various factors that harm or benefit our well-being“, he rocks.
“Being healthy does not mean not having disease, it means take care of many aspects of our life such as what we consume and what we do during the day. Many patients tell me that they are healthy because they feel nothing wrong, but that only means that they have no visible pathologies, but maybe they have delicate health problems .
Priscila Anderson, a clinical nutritionist, argued that one should not try to change all habits immediately, but rather it is important to make small changes in a specific areaso you will progress correctly.
“The most important thing is to learn that we are not going to change all habits together, must be one at a time. You should see those behaviors that affect us much more and change them little by little, in order to avoid despair and throwing in the towel more quickly,” he said.
Bad habits and practices
Molina assured that there are several practices that people practice daily that affect their health, in addition to content and products that are consumed daily and have a negative impact To health.
“Excessive consumption of junk food is bad that afflicts these generations. Sugar, especially because it is a very addictive product and it is found disguised in many foods and people do not realize it.”
A sedentary lifestyle was another bad practice that Molina awarded. The lack of physical activity due to the lifestyle that people present, due to work, university or other practices that are practiced daily.
Anderson mentioned that not getting enough sleep has a very negative effect on overall health. “Not sleeping alters hormones and many cycles that harm us. Many people believe that when they are not sleeping properly they should eat carbohydrates and fats in the morning to have more energy, however, this will only take energy from the body since more energy is expended to process these foods.
In addition, general situations such as the coronavirus pandemic have negatively affected people’s physical and mental health. According to the WHO, people aged 18 to 24 had their mental health affected, such as stress and anxietyas well as physical fitness, increased physical inactivity and the abuse of harmful substances such as alcohol and tobacco.
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What to do to start?
the mill recommends small gestures that have a positive impact on the body. Diets and exercise, while beneficial, can’t be hard to start if you don’t have a history of physical activity or have had any previous meal plans.
- Begin to gradually increase the amount of water consumed per day. The required amount is two liters of water, but at first you can start with small glasses to familiarize the body.
- Leaving certain objects away from people, he is thus forced to get up and perform small physical activities.
- Take at least 10 breaths, it helps to better oxygenate the brain.
- Take short 20-minute walks. Don’t do errands or pending chores, but make time for the walk, with comfortable clothes.
According to WHO guidelines on physical activity and sedentary habits published in 2020, an average adult should get between 150 and 300 minutes of physical activity per week with moderate intensity, or 75 to 150 minutes of high intensity physical activity.
Regarding food, Anderson indicated that the dishes we prepare have the main food groups. “Food dishes must be coloredand which involve proteins, carbohydrates and vegetables”.
He also explained that the excess of information on the internet and social networks about food plans can become confusing for the person, so it is important take no planning, because each person’s human body works completely differently.
“Nutrition is individualized so one plan will not work for everyone. Restrictive diets or plans that make us feel very hungry are not good. Food should produce satiety, not fullness.