Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is common in women. However, this does not necessarily mean that you have ovarian cysts. This condition affects the menstrual cycle and can influence fertility.
Doctor. Raul Fanego Rodriguezsurgeon, specialist in gynecology and obstetrics mentions that the women with polycystic ovaries they complain that they stop menstruate after having had one or more normal periods in adolescence.
For the doctor, this is the most obvious sign of this pathology, which can influence the fertility. That is why it must be treated by a specialist doctor and in time.
Conditions that seem unrelated, like acne and excess hair, are indicators that something is wrong with the ovaries due to changes in female hormone levels, Fanego says.
High prevalence of polycystic ovary cases
the Polycystic ovary syndrome (SOPQ) It is one of the most common endocrinopathies in women of childbearing age.
It is characterized by ovarian dysfunction, anovulatory infertilitymanifested by oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea and hyperandrogenism.
The problem lies in alterations in the normal levels of certain hormones.
According to studies, says the doctor, it is due to a fault Where genetic mutation Apparently.
How is a teenager with this pathology treated?
The doctor emphasizes that it is very important improve lifestylein particular the diet to lose excess weight.
It can be treated with hormonal fillers found in some contraceptives.
Concerning the cure, the professional specifies that with good care and monitoring by the attending physician, it can be to cure to the patient.
What are the consequences of not remedying this situation?
If you don’t have a good resolution, you may be at higher risk of contracting diseases.
These diseases can be:
- Coronary disease.
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Also, it is very important to mention that the PCOS is closely linked to infertility, since women do not ovulateor does so irregularly.
Women with PCOS who want to get pregnant
the woman you want get pregnant and has the PCOS You have to be very patient, says the doctor.
As indicated, the woman must perform the processing indicated by being persistent and constant, knowing that once the pathology is resolved, you can become pregnant without inconvenience.
Regarding the diagnosis of PCOS, this is done with three main pillars which are:
- Clinical or laboratory hyperandrogenism.
- Irregular anovulatory cycles.
- Ultrasound image of ovaries with microcysts.
Women who menstruate every 6 months may have PCOS, but they should have a thorough medical history, hormone testing, and a gynecological ultrasound to assess your ovaries.
What is the symptomatology?
The SOPQ has these characteristics:
- It is more common in obese or overweight women.
- Oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea, which means a lack of normal menstrual cycles, or
- absence of menstruation.
- High levels of androgens, hyperandrogenemia.
- Excess of androgens with clinical manifestations, hirsutism, acne, alopecia.
- Ovarian polycystosis demonstrated by ultrasound.