Personality disorder: these are the details you need to know

According to the Mayo Clinic, a nonprofit organization dedicated to clinical practice, education, and research, a “personality disorder is a type of mental disorder in which you have a thought pattern, marked and unhealthy behaviors and performances.

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Thus, those who suffer from it have relational difficulties with their environment and can cause inconvenience in social relationships and daily activities in their path.

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Personality disorders usually appear in adolescence or early adulthood or intensify during middle age, which the entity and some psychiatric experts agree on. It should even be noted that in some cases it is possible that patients with this pathology do not realize that they are suffering from it.

To mention some symptoms, it is important to keep in mind that personality disorders are divided into three groups that have similar characteristics. In other words, people with one personality disorder may show signs of at least one other disorder.

The first group includes the symptoms of paranoid personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, and schizotypal personality disorder and symptoms such as a general mistrust and suspicion of others and their motives are present, unjustified belief that others are trying to harm you or deceive you, tendency to hold grudges, unjustified and recurring suspicion that the spouse or sexual partner is unfaithful, among others.

According to the Mayo Clinic, schizoid personality disorder also includes certain signs such as a lack of interest in social or personal relationships; preference for solitude, limited range of emotions, and inability to enjoy most activities.

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On the other hand, the personality disorders of the second group “characterized by dramatic, overly emotional, or unpredictable thoughts or behaviors. They include antisocial personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, and narcissistic personality disorder.

Finally, the disorders of the third group are linked to behaviors of anxiety or fear. They include dependent personality disorder and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder and symptoms include excessive sensitivity to criticism and rejection, feeling inadequate, inferior, or disagreeable, avoiding work activities that involve interpersonal contact, inhibition, extreme shyness, and social isolation, and avoiding new activities or meeting strangers, as the clinic explains Mayo.

In conclusion, If you have one or more symptoms, the recommendation is to see a doctor or mental health specialist in order to establish the corresponding diagnosis and start treatment as soon as possible in order to avoid major inconveniences in the patient’s life.

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