How to improve male fertility? This answers the experts

When a couple evaluates the possibility of having a child, many factors must be taken into consideration: financial conditions, the security and stability of the relationship, as well as the state of health of each. On this last point, fertility is a question that is on the table.

As experts explain, Several aspects can influence the chances of conceiving a baby, one of them is the quality of men’s sperm. Agree with Mayo Clinic, Sperm health is determined by quantity, movement and structure.

Likewise, there are multiple habits, both good and bad, that can generate changes in male fertility. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to this issue and treat any complications in time to increase the chances of having a baby.

Likewise, there are multiple habits, both good and bad, that can generate changes in male fertility. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to this issue and treat any complications in time to increase the chances of having a baby. – Photo: Getty Images/iStockphoto

What does healthy sperm look like?

From the Mayo Clinic, they indicate that there are three essential aspects to determine the quality of sperm: the quantity, its structure and its movement.

First, the amount refers to the number of sperm present in the semen. According to experts, when the ejaculate contains at least 15 million sperm per milliliter, the individual is considered more likely to be fertile. On the other hand, when the amount is smaller, the possibilities are smaller.

In fact, according to the US National Institutes of Health, the complete absence of sperm is one of the most well-known causes of infertility.

Regarding the second aspect, movement, the Mayo Clinic assures that a person is considered fertile if at least 40% of their sperm are moving. “In order to reach and fertilize an egg, a sperm must meander and swim through a woman’s cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes,” a process known as motility, explain -they.

Finally, structure or morphology refers to the shape of the sperm. Although it is not a determining factor, they point out to the institution, it is a point in favor of fertility that the spermatozoa maintain a normal structure (with oval heads and long tails).

These three conditions are essential to assess the chances of conceiving a child. But, in addition, it is crucial to keep in mind that there are certain risk factors that can lead to fertility problems.

According to the organization Planned Parenthood, Health status and lifestyle are two elements that have a significant impact on people’s reproductive health. Among the factors that mencionan is listed la edad (sobre todo en el caso de las mujeres), el peso, haberse sometido a tratamientos con quimioterapia o radioterapia, la exposición a toxinas ambientales, el consumo excessive de alcohol, lesiones en los órganos reproductivos, among others.

Happy pregnant woman visiting gynecologist doctor in hospital or medical clinic for pregnancy consultant.  Doctor examine pregnant woman belly for baby and mother health care check.  Gynecology concept.
Among the factors that mencionan is listed la edad (sobre todo en el caso de las mujeres), el peso, haberse sometido a tratamientos con quimioterapia o radioterapia, la exposición a toxinas ambientales, el consumo excessive de alcohol, lesiones en los órganos reproductivos, among others. – Photo: Getty Images/iStockphoto

In the particular case of men, the United States Institutes of Health specify that certain diseases can also affect the formation of sperm or its structure. Some of them are diabetes, chromosomal abnormalities, testicular damage, thyroid problems, cryptorchidism (when one or both testicles fail to descend) and insensitivity to androgen hormones including testosterone.

A specific condition related to male fertility is varicocele: “which is the enlargement of the veins of the scrotum; enlarged veins impair testicular blood flow and cause an increase in temperature, which negatively affects sperm production,” they explain from the US Institutes of Health.

Can sperm quality be improved?

Yes, there are alternatives that specialists point out for the quality of sperm to be optimal, although it must be taken into account that there will be exceptions in which the quality is determined by more complex conditions.

Mayo Clinic recommends leading a healthy lifestyle, which includes a balanced diet, regular physical activity, as well as keeping your weight within the ranges recommended by doctors (based on your physical and health characteristics).

Likewise, they suggest that it is important to prevent the development of sexually transmitted diseases, as these can affect fertility. A final piece of advice is to learn to manage your emotions, especially stress, as this can alter sexual function.

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