Robots are conquering the healthcare field

However, the development of robots in the field of health has been of great importance thanks to the value it brings in situations where precision is vital.

We used to talk about the benefits of robotics in industry. At the productive level, automation, combined with digitization, has caused a great revolution. The introduction of connectivity and technology in factories has promoted other jobs that can enrich innovation, avoiding in particular those related to repetitive tasks that do not add value to the activity, or those related to dangerous actions or handling of substances that could put workers at risk. In addition, companies thus manage to implement more efficient and flexible production, as production adapts to market needs.

Regarding the use of robotics applied to the health sector, this technology has changed the way of treating patients and their health, in many ways. The field of research, surgery, drug management and organization, and even the field of rehabilitation have greatly benefited from the development of this field of innovation.

accuracy

Robotics applied to manufacturing makes it possible to leverage the talent of human capital in tasks that add value to companies. It also reduces exposure to dangerous situations for people and minimizes the possible errors that the “human factor” can introduce. In addition to all these advantages, the precision that this technology can offer in its application to the health sector stands out.

In reality, robots can perform gestures that mimic those of a doctor, but their precision is much higher. This does not mean that they will replace medical personnel, nor that human care will disappear, it is a question of taking advantage of all the good that technological innovation brings and using those tools that facilitate the work of specialists .

robotic gynecology

Following the line of precision, developments in different fields of medicine are constantly growing. An example is the use of robots in the field of gynecology. It may sound like a science fiction story, but it has long been real science. Years ago, the Polish University of Science and Technology, in collaboration with the Danish company Universal Robots, launched a project aimed at introducing stem cells into the bodies of patients through surgical procedures capable of offering greater high precision than that of the human hand.

Another of the works carried out between the two organizations was the creation of a mixing station for cytotoxic drugs for oncological chemotherapy. The aim was to solve the problem of working with certain potentially toxic elements, and to do so over longer periods of time, since these tasks were limited to a few hours of work by the scientific staff.

Sensitive robots in the hospital

Faced with a health crisis, caring for a patient without fear of contagion at the peak of transmission, and protecting both the health of health personnel and that of patients, are priority actions. This is possible thanks to a project led by a group of researchers from Simon Fraser University in Canada who have developed robots capable of performing medical assistant tasks such as measuring temperature, heart rate or breathing.

This work consists of two robots, one of humanoid form and the other of a robotic arm equipped with sensors capable of receiving, through biomedical electrodes, a significant amount of information about the patient, thus reducing interactions with medical personnel and minimizing the contagion of danger when performing basic tasks. Both tools could be used to perform primary care tasks, even to perform more complicated surgeries, in geographic areas where healthcare does not reach.

Combination with other technologies

The application of artificial intelligence has also been decisive in promoting this field of study. The software design of healthcare robots facilitates patient monitoring and telemedicine tasks. In this sense, the Automation, Robotics and Mechatronics Group of the University of Almería, in collaboration with the American company InTouch Health, is working on the design of a mobile robot that performs basic examinations and can move to the medical center where he is. According to the digital magazine novaciencia.es, these tools, already present in hospitals in the United States and Germany, are equipped with a GPS sensor and software that provides them with perception.

robots for the heart

Interventional cardiology processes have also changed. Thanks to the Corindus robotic system, from Siemens, a pioneer in Southern Europe, of which there are only 15 in the whole region, its objective is to increase the precision and safety of coronary interventions, to reduce radiation for both patients as well as for health personnel, and to shorten response times.

This system uses very high resolution images to enable precise control of catheters and guidewires, as well as balloon implants and stents. Since June 2021, Corindus has been used at the Gregorio Marañón Hospital in Madrid, in procedures for people suffering from angina pectoris or myocardial infarction, benefiting 65 patients.

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