Culture begins the procedure to protect ‘El Gallo Azul’ of Jerez, designed by Aníbal González

The Ministry of Culture and Historical Heritage has initiated the registration procedure for the General Catalog of Andalusian Historical Heritage (CGPHA)as a general cataloging asset, the property called ‘The Blue Rooster’, located in Jerez de la Frontera (Cádiz). This building, designed by Hannibal Gonzálezstands out not only for its architectural, historical, artistic and ethnological values, but also for the illuminated signs (by Fino La Ina and Fundador) that make it up.

Located at number 2 Calle Larga in Jerez de la Frontera, the property traditionally known as the restaurant located there ‘El Gallo Azul’is a singular construction of character regionalist which today is identified as one of the most representative building elements of the urban area of ​​Jerez de la Frontera. has a notable architectural interest and was carried out after the award of the contest, promoted by the City Council of the City of 1927, at Casa Pedro Domecq y Compañía, which provided a project drawn up by Aníbal González. The project was particularly appreciated for occupying the smallest space for its construction, abandoning a large part of the site for public space and perfectly solving the intersection between Larga and Santa María streets.

Promoted by the Bodegas Fundador Domecqthe building, listed in the General Catalog of Historical Heritage, is designed in patterned brick fitting into the regionalist style, with bas-reliefs and ceramic elements allusive to the brand.

‘El Gallo Azul’ is part of the downtown cityscape, being one of the representative images of the architecture of Jerez de la Frontera. In the 1960s the lights of ‘Fino La Ina’ and ‘Fundador’ were incorporated, ever since becoming an icon of Jerez, the scene of daily life in the city.

Commemoration of the 1755 Tsunami

On the other hand, it will also protect as Property of Cultural Interest (BIC)with the type of Activity of Ethnological Interest, the “Commemoration of the tidal wave of 1755 by the Brotherhood of La Palma de Cádiz”, a ritual activity that is practiced around the Rosary and the procession of the Virgen de la Palma in the La Vina neighborhood and which constitutes in itself a phenomenon which presents relevant heritage values.

the feast of the Commemoration of the Tsunami Every November 1st is remembered since 1755, when a tidal wave occurred in Cadiz, following the Lisbon earthquake, and the priests of the Chapel of the virgin of the palm, accompanied by residents of the neighborhood, saw the waters recede that entered the main street, attributing it to the protection of the virgin. That same afternoon, the whole neighborhood came to thank the image and so began the party that has lasted until today.

The celebration of this event, which will be part of the General Catalog, takes place throughout the day of November 1 at three different times. Thus, from the morning the prayer of the Holy Rosary is performed, with the procession of the procession of the Parroquia de la Palma to the beach of La Caleta; At noon the commemorative mass takes place and in the afternoon the procession of the Virgen de la Palma takes place through the streets of the La Viña district.

The Virgin of La Palma, during her procession in the district of La Viña in Cadiz.

The I pray the Holy Rosary It takes place at the same time as the wave approached the city. The court It begins with the raised cross and candlesticks carried by the altar boys, after which the women traditionally join. This section is closed by a board member carrying the Miracle Banner, popularly known as the “simpecado”, a reproduction of the mid-20th century original. Finally, the eldest brother carries in his hands the crucifix which was in use when the waters stopped in 1755, preceded by altar boys carrying incense burners and a naveta. The procession is closed by the priest, who goes as a priest, wearing a silk-embroidered rain cape that can be dated to the end of the 18th century. The procession pray the rosary and sing the joys of the miracle, which all the participants sing and repeat, until they reach the esplanade next to the creek gate; at this time the priest pronounces the sacramental prayer dedicated to the blessing of the seas, takes holy water and sprinkles the sea. On the way back, and reaching Calle de la Palma, the procession stops at a key place, marked by a street altarpiece: the point where, in 1755, the priests carrying the banner and the crucifix stopped asking the virgin who stopped the waters. There, the priest prays to save the virgin and blesses the participants with the miracle crucifix.

Cadiz typical mass

At noon is celebrated solemn function, which is the name given to the commemorative mass presided over by the bishop and attended, among others, by civil authorities and other associated brotherhoods. It’s time for the singing of what is called the “typical mass of Cadiz”, interpreted by the vineyard choira neighborhood musical group that has been doing this job since 1970. In the afternoon, the procession of the Virgin of La Palma, whose route is variable, although always within the limits of the district. However, there is a space that cannot be missed: the tile that commemorates the place where the waters stopped, because it is there, once again, that the choir made up of local residents sings the tanguillo.

Similarly, as it constitutes an essential and consubstantial part of the activity, the link to this celebration of personal ownership and key spaces such as the Banner of the Miracle and the current banner, the Crucifix of the Miracle, the sculpture of the Virgin of La Palma, the parish of Our Lady of La Palma and the route of the procession of the Holy Rosary. According to the record, the ‘Commemoration of the Tsunami of 1755 by the Brotherhood of La Palma de Cádiz’ is a religious-festive and devotional celebration that is a manifestation of cultural interest where the identity values ​​of La Viñawhose neighbors gather in the place of origin symbolically ritualizing their neighborhood, repeating and reaffirming this symbolic relationship.

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