dementia and depression are part of most common neuropsychiatric disordersin the 20 percent of the adult population over the age of 60, this indicates that the mental illnesses in the elderly generates 6.6 percent of disabilities in this population groupsays the World Health Organization (WHO)
The WHO has pointed out that the world’s population is aging rapidly and estimates that between 2015 and 2050, the elderly will become twice as numerous as todaythat is to say, they will increase from 12% to 22% of the inhabitants of the Earth.
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For the above, the doctor Humberto Bautista Rodriguezcoordinator of the Psycho-Oncology Service of the IMSS Siglo XXI Medical Hospital and specialized spokesperson for PiSA Farmacéutica, emphasizes the importance of maintaining appropriate geriatric care mentally aging health and quality of life.
“Geriatric care focuses on Improve quality of life people during their old age and, this is due to the fact that multiple physical and clinical aspects manifest which limit the psychosocial development of that person and their carersays the specialist
Therefore, he pointed out that just as they are presented with the aging physical changes in peopleI also know show mental changes and pointed out that the latter “generate a greater handicap in the person, because, even if he is in good physical health, the brain and body begin to slow down. This is why maintaining cognitive health is essential to well-being,” he stressed.
As part of grandfathers daywhich was commemorated this Sunday, August 28, the specialist mentioned that it is important that the elderly keep your mind active and include recreational and entertainment activities such as reading, discovering new places, cooking, solving puzzles, sewing, woodworking or gardening, among many other activities.
Bautista Rodríguez explained that the Mood disorders are a common problem among older peoplebut that doesn’t mean it’s a daily occurrence in their lives, as he detailed that there are different types: depressive episodes, manic episodes, hypomanic episodes, bipolar I and II disorders, as well as disruptive mood regulation disorders, substance-induced depressive disorderamong others, but pointed out that the common feature of all of them is the presence of a sad, empty or irritable mood, accompanied by somatic and cognitive changes which significantly affect the functional capacity of the individual.
As for the cause of cognitive impairment in the elderlyi.e. the ability to think, learn and remember clearly, said they are caused by various aspects, such as: the genes, the lifestyle and the psychosocial environment in which the person finds himself.
Therefore, he explained that the prevention of cognitive impairment in the elderly can go through complementary treatments for depression: like the practice of yoga and the taking of certain supplements, however, he warned that they should not replace a conversation with a health professional and that the plan determined with this medical specialist should not be suspended.
With regard to support for the elderly and their mental health, he recalls that the patient can choose to undergo therapeutic treatment and adds that the cognitive behavioral therapy it is most useful for treating the elderly and improving their quality of life and can be a effective treatment for depression, because it helps teach new ways of thinking and behaving; changing habits that can contribute to depression.
Therapeutic treatment, he said, can be accompanied by medical treatment and pointed out that antidepressant drugs can work well in treating the disease and said some symptoms can start to improve after a few weeks. , but he reminded that one should be careful with this type of drug, “especially when it comes to treating different problems, because there is a greater risk of experiencing adverse drug interactions, of missing a dose or to take an excessive dose,” he warned.
“The elderly too. are often more sensitive to medicationtherefore, lower or less frequent doses may be required,” he cautioned.
“Before you start taking any medicine, you should talk to your doctor about the possibility that the medicine may affect your level of alertness, memory or coordination”, warns the specialist.
He mentioned that in In Mexico, the prevalence of people with certain cognitive disorders is 5.8% among women and 2.5% among men. Moreover, he considers that the number of cases increases as the age of the population advances.
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Finally, he explained that recent studies show that Depression is the most common affective disorder in people over 60., which means, he said, 15 to 20% in the outpatient population and that rises to 25% to 40% in hospitalized patients. In turn, he clarified that the incidence of new cases per year is 15%, he concluded.